The purpose of the ignition system is to create a spark that will ignite the fuel-air mixture in the cylinder of an engine. It must do so at exactly the right instant and do it at the rate of up to several thousand times per minute for each cylinder in the engine. If the timing of that spark is off by a small fraction of a second, the engine will run poorly or not run at all. It is important to note that a wrong timing not only cause poor engine running but also and increase in fuel emission and gas consumption.
In order for the ignition to work there are several components and factors to consider such as timing, spark, ignition coil, distributors and many others. The distributor is the nerve center of the mechanical ignition system. It is responsible for performing two tasks. First, it is the task of the distributor to trigger the ignition coil to generate a spark at the exact instant that it is required (which varies depending how fast the engine is turning and how much load it is under). Second, the distributor is responsible for directing or routing that spark to the proper cylinder (which is why it is called a distributor).
The Kia Sportage Distributor is composed of a rotating arm or rotor inside the distributor cap, on top of the distributor shaft, but insulated from it and the body of the vehicle. Inside the distributor is a plate where the fixed contact point is. The movable contact point mounted on the end of a spring loaded arm rides on the cam mounted on the rotating shaft inside the distributor. This distributor cam rotates in time with the engine. As it rotates, the cam pushes the points open and closed. The flow of current is interrupted through the coil every time the points open which causes the magnetic field to collapse and release a high voltage surge through the secondary coil windings. This voltage surge goes out the top of the coil and through the high-tension coil wire. You now have the voltage necessary to fire the spark plug.
It is important to check your distributor and adjust the points periodically to keep the engine running at peak efficiency. Heat and vibration can cause the distributor to malfunction causing your car to hesitate or stumble especially during acceleration. At Parts Train we have superior quality Kia Sportage Distributor built to be reliable and durable and designed to give you a good performance.